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In: Knox, R W O'B and Cordey, W G (eds.). In the Whitby area and coastal sections to the southeast, the formation consists mainly of grey, weathering yellow-brown, sideritic sandstone, medium- to coarse-grained, with sporadic phosphatic pebbles; berthierine (chamosite) ooids may be present. This is the largest single continuous expanse of shallow sandbank in the UK and was formed by glacial processes, before being submerged through sea level rise. In addition, partings, lenses and beds of grey, fossiliferous fissile mudstone may occur, and south-west of Malton, a distinctive iron-rich pebbly medium-grained sandstone facies is locally developed. Green electricity tariffs may not actually be that green, says Which? 45, 99-108. It has long been known by fishermen to be a productive fishing bank; it was named after the doggers, medieval Dutch fishing boats especially used for catching cod. Hemingway, J E and Knox, R W O'B. Research Article A great wave: the Storegga tsunami and the end of Doggerland? The type section is located between Whitby East Cliff [NZ 903 114] and Saltwick Bay [NZ 915 110] (Hemingway and Knox, 1973; Hemingway, 1974). May be absent, locally, due to erosion prior to deposition of the overlying Saltwick Formation (Ravenscar Group). A Greenpeace spokesperson said "how can you continue to allow bottom trawlers to plough the seabed in a protected area? SSE and Statoil have confirmed the formation of a Joint Venture (JV) partnership to work collaboratively to progress three of the four consented Dogger Bank offshore wind projects towards Financial Investment Decisions. Linklaters has advised on the construction, development and £5.5 billion project financing of the Dogger Bank A and Dogger Bank B phases of the Dogger Bank Wind Farm, owned by SSE Renewables and Equinor New Energy. The Ravenscar Group: a coeval analogue for the Middle Jurassic reservoirs of the North Sea and offshore Mid-Norway. The Yorkshire Dogger IV. The Dogger Formation occurs as variable lithofacies across the Cleveland Basin from the Yorkshire Coast, near Whitby [NZ 480 500] to the Hambleton Hills [SE 496 827] and Howardian Hills [SE 600 600]. A sediment survey carried out on board H.M.S. Dogger "Luymes" in 1963 in the area between 53°50'N-54°50'N and 2°E-4°20'E brought to light that the Dogger Bank (average depth 25 m) is built up of medium-grained sand and coarse … This section is less accessible than the coastal Type Section, but it provides an example of the mixed ironstone and sandstone lithofacies typical of the Eskdale area. The Development, to which this Application relates, comprises the formation of a construction access to the site of the Dogger Bank C Wind Farm and Sofia Offshore Wind Farm (The Projects) Onshore Converter Stations (OCSs), awarded consent by the Dogger Bank Teesside A & B Offshore Wind Farm Order 2015 (as amended) (The DCO). [2] The water depth ranges from 15 to 36 metres (50 to 120 ft), about 20 metres (65 ft) shallower than the surrounding sea. [10], Construction was scheduled to start around 2014 at the earliest, but has been repeatedly postponed. Dogger Bank is set to be the largest wind farm in the world with a combined capacity of 3.6GW. At the time of deposition, clastic sediments above the salt are uncompacted, contain siginficant pore space, and have a lower density than the salt. Moreover, grab samples of boulder clay were collected in a few places. [citation needed]. The habitat comprises distinct banks (i.e. The action undertaken by Greenpeace had support from some of those in the fishing trade. The lithofacies variation of the Dogger Formation makes selection of a type section difficult. High resolution seismic data from the Dogger Bank in the central southern North Sea has revealed that the Dogger Bank Formation records a complex history of sedimentation and penecontemporaneous, large-scale, ice-marginal to proglacial glacitectonic deformation. 7. The Yorkshire Dogger II. The Dogger Bank is an extensive sublittoral sandbank in the southern North Sea formed by glacial processes and submergence through sea-level rise. Reference Gearey, Hopla, Boomer, Smith, Marshall, Fitch, Griffiths, Tappin, Williams, Hill, Boomer and Wilkinson 2017: 49). It was fought near Dogger Bank in the North Sea on January 24, 1915. The Yorkshire Coast. “Luymes” in 1963 in the area between 53°50′N–54°50′N and 2°E–4°20′E brought to light that the Dogger Bank (average depth 25 m) is built up of medium-grained sand and coarse material, whereas east of the Dogger Bank is an extensive area (average depth 50 m) where fine silty sand is found. Rosedale and Farndale. A large part of the southern area of the bank is covered by water seldom deeper than 20 m below chart datum. Fixed-foundation wind turbines are economically limited to maximum water depths of 40 to 50 m (130 to 160 ft; 22 to 27 fathoms);[8] at greater water depths new floating wind turbine designs are required, which currently cost significantly more to build. The formation is locally absent in the Cleveland Basin, especially on parts of the Egton Sheet (Ingleby Greenhow) and Thirsk Sheet (Hambleton Hills), where the Dogger Formation has been removed by penecontemporaneous erosion prior to deposition of the overlying Saltwick Formation (Ravenscar Group). The bank is an important fishing area, with cod and herring being caught in large numbers. elongated, rounded or irregular ‘mound’ shapes) which may arise from horizontal or sloping plains of sandy sediment. Explanation Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, Vol. Geological Magazine, Vol.78, 351-370. The uplands, comprising the current Dogger Bank, would probably have been cut off , forming Dogger Island, which survived for approximately another millennium. Hemingway, J E. 1974. Any in SPE Disciplines (3) Geologic Time. Dogger Bank (Dutch: Doggersbank, German: Doggerbank, Danish: Doggerbanke) is a large sandbank in a shallow area of the North Sea about 100 kilometres (62 mi) off the east coast of England. Several shipwrecks lie on the bank. Lower Eskdale. Jurassic of the Central and Northern North Sea. Across most of the Cleveland Basin, the lower boundary is generally sharp, disconformable or unconformable on the gently folded Lower Jurassic Lias Group, marked by an abrupt change where grey fissile mudstone of the Lower Jurassic Whitby Mudstone Formation is overlain by sandstone, ironstone or limestone of the Dogger Formation. Dogger Bank SAC. GEOLOGY OF THE DOGGER BANK AREA, NORTH SEA H. J. VEENSTRA Geological Institute, State University, Groningen (The Netherlands) (Received.lanuary15, 1965) SUMMARY A sediment survey carried out on board H.M.S. Geological Magazine, Vol.77, 177-197. Black oolites in the Dogger of north-east Yorkshire. Reference Section : A crag at Yew Grain [NZ 717 018] near Great Fryup, Upper Eskdale, reported in Rastall and Hemingway (1943, p.219) is typical of the ironstone and sandstone lithofacies. 1973. The Development, to which this Application relates, comprises the formation of a construction access to the site of the Dogger Bank C Wind Farm and Sofia Offshore Wind Farm (The Projects) Onshore Converter Stations (OCSs), awarded consent by the Dogger Bank Teesside A & B Offshore Wind Farm Order 2015 (as amended) (The DCO). 158-164 in Scrutton, C T and Powell, J H (eds), Yorkshire Rocks and Landscapes - A Field Guide, 3rd Edition, Yorkshire Geological Society. Marine Geol., 3 (1965) 245-262 256 H.J. Data and Information on the Dutch Subsurface. Lower-Middle Jurassic sequences between Whitby and Saltwick. The seafloor of the North Sea preserved many artifacts of Mesolithic people, including perfect sets of footprints left by the nomadic tribes, some containing up to 39 perfectly preserved prints. The Dogger Bank Formation is here subdivided into three informal seismostratigraphic units, termed the “Basal”, “Older” and “Younger” Dogger Bank, based on the geotechnical responses combined with lateral extent of significant seismic reflections. It is located in the southern North Sea, approximately 150km north east of the Humber Estuary, and was formed by glacial processes before being submerged through sea level rise. The oldest of these formations is the Dogger Bank Formation that comprises massive clays, sands and diamicts of glacial origin (Cotterill et al., 2017a), subdivided informally in this study into the Lower and Upper Dogger Bank sub-units. Offshore, the Dogger Formation is equivalent, in part, to the Wroot Formation (Lott and Knox,1994) in the southern North Sea and in part to the Drake Formation in the Brent Province (Butler et al., 2005). Memoir of the Geological Survey of the United Kingdom. It is a large sand bank named after an old type of Dutch fishing boats called “Doggers”, and has for centuries been a productive fishing bank (Britannica, 2017). The Dogger Formation occurs as variable lithofacies across the Cleveland Basin from the Yorkshire Coast, near Whitby [NZ 480 500] to the Hambleton Hills [SE 496 827] and Howardian Hills [SE 600 600]. 50, 129-142. Originally projected to develop up to 9 gigawatts of power as part of a planned nine zone project of 32 gigawatts, the plan was later scaled down to a 7.2-gigawatt installation in agreement with the area's owner Crown Estates. Rastall, R H and Hemingway, J E. 1939. exposed at Blea Wyke; Ravenscar) [NZ 991 015] where the bioturbated sandstone of the Blea Wyke Sandstone Formation (late Toarcian in age ) is overlain by the yellow brown sandstone of the Dogger Formation (Aalenian in age), although at Blea Wyke the basal bed contains phosphate pebbles and casts of brachiopods (the Terebratula Bed) (Cox and Sumbler, 2002, pp. Topmenu. Dogger Bank Peer Reviewed. About us; Report back; Contact; FAQ; News; Dutch; English [11], Dutch, German, and Danish electrical grid operators are cooperating in a project to build a North Sea Wind Power Hub complex on one or more artificial islands to be constructed on Dogger Bank as part of a European system for sustainable electricity. The upper boundary is unconformable or disconformable, sharp. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society, London, Vol.61, 441-460. The bank was part of a large landmass, now known as Doggerland, which connected Britain to the European mainland until it was flooded some time after the end of the last glacial period. Lower and Middle Jurassic sediments of the Cleveland Basin N.E. Geological Magazine, Vol.86, 201-225, 265-278. The upper boundary is marked by the sharp change from ferruginous, bioturbated sandstone of the Dogger Formation to grey, fine- to medium-grained, locally cross-bedded sandstone with plant fragments of the overlying Saltwick Formation (Ravenscar Group). Rastall, R H and Hemingway, J E. 1940. Status: Designated. The Basal Dogger Bank comprises a series of discrete bank-like deposits (Fig. The Dogger Bank is the largest single continuous expanse of shallow sandbank in UK waters. Subsurface data. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, Vol.39, 527-535. The Dogger Bank Creyke Beck project includes the joint development of two 1.2GW offshore wind farms in the North Sea. The result was a British victory, and the German navy delayed further significant action against the British fleet for more than a year. Dogger Bank Creyke Beck Environmental Statement Chapter 1 – Introduction Contract No. Knox, R W O'B, Howard, A S, Powell, J H and van Buchem, F S P. 1991. Go SPE Disciplines. The wind farms, named Dogger Bank Creyke Beck A and B, will be connected to the existing onshore Creyke Beck substation near Cottingham, East Yorkshire, UK. The projects Dogger Bank Wind Farm is an offshore wind farm being developed in three phases – Dogger Bank A, Dogger Bank B and Dogger Bank C – located between 130km and 190km from the North East coast of England at their nearest points. Geological Magazine, Vol.80, 209-230. Memoir of the British Geological Survey, Sheet 52 (England and Wales). During the last ice age the bank was part of a large landmass connecting Europe and the British Isles, now known as Doggerland. The Micropalaeontological Society, Special Publications. Dogger Bank (Dutch: Doggersbank, German: Doggerbank, Danish: Doggerbanke) is a large sandbank in a shallow area of the North Sea about 100 kilometres (62 mi) off the east coast of England. At the lower boundary, sand-filled burrows extend downwards from the Dogger Formation to the underlying mudstone. James Walker1, Vincent Gaffney1,*, Simon Fitch1, Merle Muru1,2, Andrew Fraser1, Martin Bates3 & Richard Bates4 1 School of Archaeological and Forensic Science, University of Bradford, UK 2 Department of Geography, Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Tartu, Estonia The Dogger Bank wind farms located in the North Sea,UK, will comprise three 1.2GW offshore wind farms namely, Creyke Beck A, Creyke Beck B, and Teesside A. Dogger Bank wind farms, a 50:50 joint venture (JV) between SSE Renewables and Equinor, is developing the 3.6GW project, which is set to be the world’s biggest offshore wind farm. England: Shallow marine and paralic facies seen in their sequence stratigraphic context. Grey, fissile mudstone of the Alum Shale Member, Whitby Mudstone Formation (Lias Group) is overlain by yellow-brown, bioturbated, ferruginous sandstone with occasional berthierine (chamosite) ooids and phosphatized pebbles that comprise the Dogger Formation (0.75 to 1.5m thick). Data and Information on the Dutch Subsurface. Probably named after a synonym for the German Bight, the southeastern bight of the North Sea bounded by the Netherlands and Germany to the south, and Denmark and Germany to the east. Geology of the country around Thirsk. Rastall, R H and Hemingway, J E. 1949. These indicate that the substratum of the Dogger Bank consists of moraine ridges belonging presumably to the Weichsel glaciation, the last Pleistocene glaciation. In: Knox, R W O'B and Cordey, W G (eds.) Grey fine-grained sandstone and, locally, siderite mudstone of the Whitby Mudstone Formation is overlain sharply by a thin phosphatic pebble bed that marks the base of the Dogger Formation, and which passes up to blue-grey, bioturbated sandstone (1.07m), black mudstone (0.61m) and green siltstone (0.15m) ("Danby Facies") that are, in turn, overlain by green-grey, fine-grained sandstone (0.91m) and black to grey chamosite ooidal ironstone (3.96m), with a siderite matrix ("Ajalon facies"). The Blea Wyke Sandstone Formation (Jurassic, Toarcian) of Rosedale, North Yorkshire, UK. 2). The 1931 Dogger Bank earthquake took place below the bank, measuring 6.1 on the Richter scale and was the largest earthquake ever recorded in the United Kingdom. Dogger Bank has been identified as an oceanic environment that exhibits high primary productivity throughout the year in the form of phytoplankton. Thought locally to attain 29 m in the Rosedale area [SE 729 946] (Hemingway, 1974, p. 188), although Young, T P (1994) regards much of this strata as belonging to the underlying Blea Wyke Sandstone Formation in which case the Dogger Formation here is up to about 8 m thick. Clasts in the Dogger Formation include mudstone pebbles, and fragments of ammonites and bivalves derived from the underlying Alum Shale Member. Powell, J H, Cooper, A H C and Benfield, A C. 1992. Black, M. 1934. Highly variable and heterolithic with substantial lateral interdigitation and lithofacies changes. Field Excursion Guide, No.5; 13th International Sedimentological Congress, Nottingham, UK. 161-233 in Rayner, D H and Hemingway, J E (eds), The geology and mineral resources of Yorkshire. British Geological Survey, Nottingham. It gives its name to the Dogger sea area used in the BBC Radio 4 Shipping Forecast. Collectively they will … [2] At differing times during the last glacial period it was either joined to the mainland or an island. 2nd Edition, 117pp. [7] Reference Section : A crag at Yew Grain [NZ 717 018] near Great Fryup, Upper Eskdale, reported in Rastall and Hemingway (1943, p.219) is typical of the ironstone and sandstone lithofacies. The researchers’ paper explains “The broader landscape became increasingly fragmented by the formation of estuaries, inlets, and islands. Marked by an abrupt upward transition from ferruginous sandstone, ironstone or limestone at the top of the Dogger Formation to cross-stratified, non-bioturbated sandstone, siltstone and mudstone (commonly with plant fragments) of the overlying Saltwick Formation (Ravenscar Group). Rapid local lateral variation is illustrated by the absence of the basal pebble bed and overlying bioturbated sandstone bed at the nearby Yew Grain section [NZ 7172 0185] reported by Young, T P (1994, fig.3). [3] In September 2020, Greenpeace dropped several granite boulders from their ship Esperanza on the Dogger Bank area. The Dogger Bank Wind Farm will be the largest offshore wind farm in the world, once all three phases are complete in 2026. "[4], Geologically, the feature is most likely a moraine, formed during the Pleistocene. At the North Seas Energy Forum in Brussels on 23 March 2017, Energinet.dk will sign a contract to work with the German and Dutch branches of TenneT; thereafter a feasibility study will be produced. Lithostratigraphical nomenclature of the Middle Jurassic strata of the Yorkshire Basin of north-east England. From this period onwards—and certainly following the significant sea-level rise associated with the 8.2 ka event—it would be better to conceive of this landscape as the ‘Dogger Archipelago.’” 2005. (Leeds: Yorkshire Geological Society.). 1994. 3. A history of Whitby and Streoneshalh Abbey. Geologists' Association Guide, No.34. (Whitby.). Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, Vol.22, 265-279. When Doggerland was being flooded, sea level rise was as much as 1-2 meters (3-6 feet) a century. Young, G. 1817. Variable, both locally and regionally; generally about 0.75 to 2m thick on the Yorkshire Coast and in ferruginous sandstone/ironstone lithofacies; limestone and mudstone lithofacies, up to 12.2m locally preserved. On the higher grounds, the Dogger Bank and Cleaver Bank (Fig.2), are patches covered with pebbles. VEENSTRA Dogger Bank, whereas BERTHO1S (1957) mentioned basalt, gneiss, granite, rhyolite, andesite, schists, quartzite, sandstone and … 66pp. In this study, our aim is to describe in detail the timing and processes of formation of channel networks observed in the seismic reflection data using stratigraphic relationships, alongside palaeoclimate model simulations, to identify changes in temperature and precipitation at Dogger Bank. South of Dogger Bank is the Cleaver Bank. 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Farm will be the largest offshore wind farms in the fishing trade Dogger in north-east.... Yorkshire Geological Society, Vol.39, 527-535 [ 2 ] at differing during! Overlying Saltwick Formation ( Ravenscar Group: a coeval analogue for the Middle Jurassic strata of Dogger... To start around 2014 at the lower boundary, sand-filled burrows extend downwards from the underlying Alum Member! Yorkshire, UK Congress, Nottingham, UK, Vol.22, 265-279 passing up to yellow sandstone at... Paper explains “ the broader landscape became increasingly fragmented by the Formation of estuaries, dogger bank formation and (! 1965 ) 245-262 256 H.J, London, Vol.61, 441-460 in the fishing trade sediments of Yorkshire... Such, it has been proposed by various groups to designate the area a marine Reserve. J H, Knox, R H and Hemingway, J E. 1943 the result was a British,. Landmass connecting Europe and the end of Doggerland as an oceanic environment that exhibits high primary productivity throughout year! Sea-Level rise of Whitby, North Yorkshire C. 1992 their ship Esperanza on the higher grounds, the exposed... Geological Magazine, Vol.76, 225-233 ( 273-281 ) Saltwick Formation ( Ravenscar Group ) quarterly Journal of the Geological!, UK 225-233 ( 273-281 ) period it was either joined to the underlying Shale... However, the best exposed and familiar sections are those in the southern of... Oceanic environment that exhibits high primary productivity throughout the year in the world with a combined of! And Middle Jurassic strata of the Yorkshire Geological Society, London, Vol.61 441-460... January, 2015 ( 2 ) 2017 ( 1 ) to marine and paralic facies seen in their stratigraphic.

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