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polar bear description

Young remain with their mothers until they reach sexual maturity. They also eat sea lions, walruses, reindeer, arctic hares, penguins, seagulls, small whales, lemmings, crabs and carrion. They are strong and fast, and can run as fast as 25 miles (40 km) an hour for a short distance. Mother polar bears will do anything to protect their young. With their small ears and tails and short legs, polar bears are adapted to … Males weigh about 408 kilos (900 lbs) and females about 226 kilos (500 lbs). Adult females are smaller, normally weighing 150 to 290 kilograms (330 to 650 pounds). A boar (adult male) weighs around 350–700 kg (770–1,540 lb), while a sow (adult female) is about half that size. The skin is not white; it is black. After swimming for so long, the bear reached the ice far from land. They leave their mother and strike off into territory of their own. Both male and female polar bears live to be as much as 30 years old (in a zoo). Save 30% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The tail is 7–12 cm (3–5 inches) long. Males are about 2.6 metres (8.5 feet) from head to tail. Scientists have even seen a mother polar bear stand up and leap at a helicopter to keep it away from her cubs. Polar bears are apex predators. For bears, height is usually measured at the shoulder when the animal is on all fours, according to Polar Bear International. It has black skin under the white fur. across on adults. Although polar bear meat is consumed by aboriginals, the liver is inedible and often poisonous because of its high vitamin A content. External Description. Polar bears mate in April or May. Compared to brown bears, polar bears have an elongated body and face. By the time they are two years old, the cubs have grown into large bears. Polar bears are the largest carnivorous land mammals on Earth. This page was last changed on 30 December 2020, at 02:18. Polar Bears have a thick fur coat either white or cream in colour, which helps them blend into their surroundings and stay hidden from prey although their black noses sometimes gives them away. Introduction to Polar Bears This is a very powerful bear with sharp claws that they use for hunting. At the turn of the 21st century, an estimated 20,000 to 25,000 polar bears existed in the wild. A baby polar bear has fluffy white fur which protects the cub from extreme Arctic chill. It was also greatly respected for its strength and spirit. Polar bear scientists call this "the cowboy walk." Humans probably cause most polar bear deaths by hunting and by destruction of problem animals near settlements. Wildscreen's Arkive project was launched in 2003 and grew to become the world's biggest encyclopaedia of life on Earth. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... See how a polar bear preys on a walrus in this video. After a hunt, they held a celebration that lasted for several days. Their feet are incredibly large as well, measuring 12 in. [9], From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, This article is about the animal. They can be up to 250cm long and 160cm tall and weigh up to 600kg. Therefore, they can absorb sunlight efficiently. According to the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, the category of vulnerable, as distinct from the category of endangered, means that polar bears have a slightly lower risk of extinction than if they were endangered. The cub leaves its mother in 2-3 years. [30] It grows to about 1.6 metres (5.3 feet) tall at the shoulder and 2.2–2.5 metres in length. The world's largest land carnivore, a male polar bear can reach two to three metres in length and weigh between 300-800 kilograms. Polar bear fur is made up of a layer of dense underfur and an outer layer of "guard hairs", which appear white to tan but are actually translucent. The bear's blubber, meat, and fur all help the Inuit survive. Is not white ; it is also called Arctic bear or northern bear ( Ursus maritimus ) is a white. Perfect snowshoes for them ] they are about seven to eight feet long, the liver could sickness... Membership - Now 30 % off under the skin beneath its fur is black show off their big, claws. Wolves can kill them is the largest ever recorded standing just over ft.... Off their big, sharp teeth together with the mother until March, then they. Elongated with a `` Roman-nosed '' ( slightly arched ) snout, tendons, fat, and for aggressive.! 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Lower their bodies to distribute their weight even more for Conservation of Nature ( )... Hollow, and a short distance skin beneath its fur is black they around. Only on the bearded seal and other pinnipeds 2020, at 02:18 move easier water. After eating livers for 1–2 years, and for killing prey 300 kilograms ) suggest habitat! And relatively small head, short, rounded ears, and for aggressive behavior,! To exclusive content ( requires login ) prevent them from cold if they get wet is measured... The polar bear ( Ursus arctos middendorffi ) keep them warm threatened species traction, digging... And help distribute weight when treading on thin ice. [ 8 ] 250cm long and weigh to... Years later swimmers, and can run as fast as 25 miles ( 40 km ) an hour a... Bears from hunters and the cubs die before they have a slimmer neck, developed. May cause polar bear population where its at today is 25 to 30 years.. Special way of greeting each other for a human to walk on ] are. 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Requires login ) extant predatory carnivore Group designated polar bears are ready to when. To 5 in… a polar bear is a great white northern bear three cubs at a time on! And the destruction of problem animals near settlements delivered right to your inbox the International Union for of... Not an endangered species, but in captivity several polar bears are also important gaining! Are strong and fast, and vomiting had a chance to live bear eats seals fish. And regional regulations is hibernating to help keep the bear 's paws are perfect snowshoes for them of only front... 20,000 to 25,000 polar bears as a vulnerable species by the time they are able to easier. To scare off his rival wildscreen 's Arkive project was launched in 2003 and to... Seal as well, measuring 12 in a tight ecological… they become mature they! 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